Being a black student at a higher education institution where the white race is dominant among students and staff is not easy. And though the times when citizens of black community were excluded from society and had little opportunities to get accepted at universities are long gone, many students consider themselves not strong enough to face the still existing prejudices and stigmas in these institutions.
The road to there, might seem even more difficult and challenging. The very expensive fees many times are a great factor for high schoolers to remove the opportunity to continue studies, or even drop out later.
However, aside from the fact that people who have completed higher education are more likely to get high paid jobs, studies show that regardless of race, this group of people has many more advantages in life. College graduates are more likely to experience job satisfaction rather than non-degree holders. They are also more careful with their health, better citizens, and happier in comparison to those who did not obtain a degree.
The road to a graduate or professional degree has many challenges for black students, and sometimes it might seem scary and impossible. However, in the century we are living all American and European Universities and Colleges accept black students as equal to any other race, though prejudices and stigma still exist among individuals in these institutions.
According to a report of the US Department of Education published in 2015, college access for Black Students in the United States has increased from 11.7 percent to 14.5 percent from 2000 to 2014. Still, the racial gap between Black and White students who obtain their college degree is unacceptably large.
There is a significant amount of opportunities available for black students at many universities around the world.
Decide what you wish to study
The first step to take towards a higher education is to decide what do you want to work in the future. The process might seem easy, but actually it is the most important. Every other step depends on this one. When taking this decision, which most probably will be the base of one’s professional life, one should take into account a lot of things.
Ask yourself: Am I good at doing this? Does it fit me as a profession? Is this a degree in demand? What types of jobs can I do with this degree? How much am I likely to get a job after graduation? How much will I be able to have an impact to improve life in my community?
Deciding what you want to study is the root of everything. Once you have decided then you can continue by taking the next step, which is deciding at what higher education institution you want to study.
Higher education options
Depending on what you wish to study and other factors, you have a few choices.
1. Junior or Community College
At a junior or community college one can obtain a certification or an associate’s degree. Usually the degree has 60 credits if attended full-time for two years, or part-time within 4 years. After completing it, many students continue at four year colleges or universities.
2. Four-year Colleges and Universities
These are traditional colleges and universities where one can receive a four-year bachelor’s degree, master’s degree and a doctorate degree. These institutions offer diverse courses and majors. There are both public and private universities, the difference between which is that the former are funded by the state what makes them more affordable.
3. Online Colleges
Online degree programs are a great opportunity for those who need flexible classes, since they allow students to complete coursework online. Students are also permitted to take as many or as few classes as they wish at a given time.
4. Career – Specific Colleges
Career colleges are an excellent option for those who wish to receive specific training in a trade or technical skill. Here they can complete training in accelerated programs and start their careers more quickly than they could at a traditional four-year college.
5. Religious Affiliated Schools
These are schools that are funded by religious institutions, very similar to traditional four-year universities. They often fuse religious beliefs into their students’ social or academic life.
6. Military Academies
These are colleges which offer college degrees with an emphasis on military discipline and may be either government-funded or privately funded. Through students at these institutions enjoy the benefit of not having to pay any tuition, they are highly selective and have a lot of requirements. They also take in a very limited number of students.
Historically Black Colleges and Universities
Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) are institutions of higher education in the United States, which were established back to the 19th century, when black people were not allowed to have access at universities and colleges, or any other type of higher education institutions.
Today, the United States count 101 HBCUs, including public and private institutions. However, during the 1930s there were 121 institutions of this kind. 27 of these institutions offer doctoral programs and 52 provide master’s programs. 83 of them grant their students with a bachelor’s degree and 38 other offer associate degrees. Though they primarily were established to offer higher education to black students today they do, however, admit students of all races.
The US News ranked the quality of undergraduate education at historically best black colleges and universities, which are currently listed as HBCU by the US department of Education. The top ten best are as follows:
A private institution founded in 1881, located in Atlanta. It is the oldest historically black college for women in America. It has a total undergraduate enrollment of 2,125, and its tuition and fees are $28,181 per year.
Audrey F. Manley – the former surgeon general of the United States
Maj. Gen. Marcelite J. Harris – the first African-American female general of the US Air Force
Alice Walker – author of “The Color Purple,”
A private institution in the heart of the District of Columbia, founded in 1867. Its tuition and fees are $25,697 per year. The school offers a range of male, female and coed housing, both on and off campus.
· Thurgood Marshall – former U.S. Supreme Court Justice
· Toni Morrison – Pulitzer Prize winning author
· Phylicia Rashad – Emmy Award-winning actress.
A private institution founded in 1868. It has a total undergraduate enrollment of 3,836. It’s tuition and fees cost $25,442 per year and it has more than 80 undergraduate and graduate programs, including master’s programs in health and physics.
· Alberta Williams King – mother of Martin Luther King Jr
· Booker T. Washington – an influential African-American educator and founder of Tuskegee University
· Wanda Sykes – an Emmy Award-winning comedian
A private all-male institution founded in 1867 in Atlanta. It has a total undergraduate enrollment of 2,108 and its tuition and fees are $27,278 per year.
· Martin Luther King Jr – civil rights activist
· Spike Lee – actor and director
· Samuel L. Jackson – actor
A private institution founded in 1915, in New Orleans, LA. It has a total undergraduate enrollment of 2,327, and its tuition and fees are $23,606 per year.
A public institution founded in 1887 in Tallahassee, Florida. It has a total undergraduate enrollment of 7,769, and its in-state tuition and fees are $5,785 per year, while the out-of-state tuition and fees are $17,725 per year. The university offers about 60 bachelor’s degrees in a wide range of studies, with architecture, journalism and psychology among other undergraduate majors.
· Pam Oliver – Fox Sports reporter
· Keith Clinkscales – vibe magazine co-founder
A private institution founded in 1881 located in the city of Tuskegee, Alabama. Its tuition and fees are $22,235 per year. Its campus is the only university campus of a historically black college in the nation to be designated a National Historic Site.
· Tom Joyner – syndicated radio host
· Lionel Richie – singer
It is a public institution founded in 1891. It has a total undergraduate enrollment of 9,668 and its in-state tuition and fees per year are $6,526, while the out-of-state tuition and fees are $19,416. It is a historically black school and one of several engineering colleges in the state.
· Jesse Jackson – civil rights activist
· Jesse Jackson Jr – former US Congressman
· Terrence J (Jenkins) – E! News co-host
A private institution founded in 1869. It has a total undergraduate enrollment of 1,905, and its tuition and fees are $16,098 per year.
10. Fisk University
A private institution founded in 1866, in Nashville, Tennessee. It has a total undergraduate enrollment of 723 and its tuition and fees are $21,480 per year.
Black Student Scholarships
Higher education can be very expensive. No matter of much you have saved during your high school, it is very hard to cover all expenses. However, there are a lot of ways to pay for your education, even if you are not very rich.
Scholarships are just one of the ways. There are hundreds of scholarships for Black students around the world from which one can benefit by applying and fulfilling the necessary requirements. African Americans have more opportunities in this regard, where many scholarships are awarded by local organizations, private companies, societies and more.
In the US there are scholarships established specially for African American students, but these students can also apply to most of the other scholarships, which are awarded to American students regardless of race. Below find a list of 20 of these scholarships:
- Minorities in Government Finance Scholarship
- The Dr. Julianna Malveaux Scholarship
- Coca-Cola Scholars Program Scholarship
- Development Fund for Black Students in Science and Technology
- Joshua David Gardner Memorial Scholarship
- Express Scripts Scholarship
- Charles Shelton Veterinary Medicine/Technology Scholarship
- Jesse L. Jackson Sr. Fellows Toyota Scholarship
- The Goldman Sachs MBA Fellowship
- Actuarial Diversity Scholarship
- Hallie Q. Brown Scholarship
- Worldstudio AIGA Scholarships
- Tylenol Future Care Scholarship
- AWWA Holly Cornell Scholarship
- Microsoft Scholarship Program
- Interpublic Group Scholarship and Internship
- Jack and Jill of America Foundation Scholarship
- Jane M. Klausman Women in Business Scholarship
- Blacks at Microsoft Scholarships
- Janet Jackson Rhythm Nation Scholarship
Each higher education institutions and each scholarship have their own requirements. In general, most of them ask for:
- High School Diploma
- High School Grade Transcript
- Essay or Letter of Motivation
- SAT, TOEFL or other standardized test
- Application form (of the higher education institution or the scholarship)
Every institution and scholarship appoints a minimum GPA, and a minimum test score. The number of the recommendations and the subject of the essay. Each of them might have extra requirements as voluntary experience, participation in sports, etc. Therefore, before applying, take care to look carefully if you fulfill the requirements.
Most of them open annually, but not necessarily. Some scholarships require you to be enrolled at a university and others don’t. Follow the websites of these scholarships, or regularly check opportunity portals, so you will not lose the deadlines.
Black Student organizations
To many students the process of getting into a university might seem very hard, but to others the hard part begins when classes start. Especially if you are the only one, or one among very few black students in your class, though classes at university nowadays are very mixed in general. One way of getting acclimated to the new environment is by getting involved in student organizations.
Today, almost every university has its own group of black students, whether it’s called “Black Students’ Union”, “Black Students’ Organization”, “Black Students’ Association” or other.
The main mission of these groups is to provide services and programs that address the needs and concerns of all students of African and African-American descent. To promote unity throughout the African American community and to stimulate intellectual, political and social growth amongst them.
These groups might sponsor cultural and social events, provide leadership opportunities in attempt to involve the community in its efforts to attain respect for cultural diversity and peaceful coexistence.
Joining one of these groups might help you fit in more easily and face the stress that juniors usually have to deal with, since most of the students’ part of it have probably gone through what you are going through at the beginning of this phase of your education.